In the considerations of miltary strategies, there is a constant reflective and reiterative process between the military endstate and national endstate. In the case of “Thirteen Days”, it was quite obvious in certain situations that the political leaders and military leaders looked upon the situation very differently with different interests and goals in mind. When these are not made explictly in each other’s language, the goals are left to the individual’s translation and this may lead to counterproductive actions.
Not only does the modern military leader need to be in tune with the national objectives and interests in carrying out his military operations, he also needs to consider the impact his military actions have on the other spheres of national instruments. In particular, the DIME model shows that a nation ypically employs diplomacy, intelligence and economic powers in addition to the military means. In the conduct of his military operations, the military leader has to consider if by readying his troops, what type of signal does it send to the advarsary and how does it impact the diplomacy and intelligence means of resolving the situation. In the case of “Thirteen Days”, the military leaders may think that he is simply getting ready for a possible war, thus increasing the readiness level of critical units. However, the readiness postures he ordered his troops will cause the advarsary’s political leaders to react not just militarily, but diplomatically.
It is a reiterative process that needs constant refinement at every steps. What seems obvious initially needs to be re-looked at constantly when deriving the lower level objectives and making sense of it. What is the nation’s interest and how does it translate to actionable military actions? In formulating the military objectives, the national objectives has to be carefully dissected and fully understood. Not only that, how the military understands the objectives needs to be communicated to the political leaders to ensure that all leaders are in tune with each other and do not contradict each other.
Thus, when stating down objectives, end states and options, appropriate words need to be used in order to drive the correct meanings and context as we may not have the chance to explain them to everyone at every level.